Type of Byzantine chanting used for liturgical readings of the Bible, thought to be midway between speech and song. {}Ekphonetic notation gives a pair of signs for each phrase of text, which remind the cantor of the pitch and formula to be sung. Such notation is found in sources dating from the ninth to the 14th centuries, but remains indecipherable.
   See also Cantillation; Chant; Tajwīd.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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